Imparsial was founded in June 2002 by 18 human rights workers, including the lates Munir Said Thalib and Ade Rostina Sitompul. Imparsial was established to respond to the tendency of state repressive practices that tend to strengthen in Indonesia. Impartial comes from the word impartiality: a view that glorifies the equal right of every individual – with various backgrounds – to justice, with special attention to those who are vulnerable and disadvantaged.
Imparsial's core advocacy issues include Security System Reform (Military and Police), violence in Papua and Aceh, rejection of the death penalty, enforcement of freedom of religion and belief, and general defense of human rights issues.
Imparsial conducts research and monitoring of incidents of human rights violations as well as issuing policy recommendations and monitoring implementation to support the protection of individual human rights.