Kamis, 4 November 2021 | 10:44 WIB
By : Yudo Dahono / YUD
Jakarta, Beritasatu.com – Diusulkannya Kepala Staf TNI AD (Kasad) Jenderal Andika Perkasa menjadi calon tunggal sebagai panglima TNI menjadi sorotan bebagai pihak. Sejumlah pegiat HAM yang tergabung dalam Koalisi Masyarakat Sipil untuk Reformasi Sektor Keamanan pun mempertanyakan kriteria Presiden Joko Widodo (Jokowi) yang memilih Jenderal Andika Perkasa untuk menggantikan Marsekal Hadi Tjahjanto sebagai Panglima TNI.
“Langkah Presiden RI Joko Widodo yang mengusulkan Jenderal Andika Perkasa sebagai calon Panglima TNI mengandung tiga permasalahan serius,” ujar Hussein Ahmad, peniliti Imparsial menanggapi Jenderal Andika Perkasa menjadi Panglima TNI di Jakarta, Kamis (4/11/2021).
In addition to Imparsial, the Civil Society Coalition for Security Sector Reform consists of various non-governmental organizations (NGOs) including KontraS, LBH Jakarta, HRWG, Setara Institute, Public Virtue Research Institute, Amnesty International Indonesia, Initiative for Democracy and Security (IDeKa), Indonesia Corruption Watch (ICW), ELSAM, National PBHI, LBHM, LBH Pers, ICJR.
Hussein explained three serious problems with the proposal of General Andika Perkasa as the Military Commander.
First, the President of the Republic of Indonesia has set aside the pattern of dimension rotation that prevailed in the Reformation era in the regeneration of the Commander as the norm that applies in Article 13 paragraph (4) of Military Decree No. 34 of 2004.
Kedua, Presiden RI telah mengajukan nama yang rekam jejaknya masih perlu pengujian oleh lembaga negara yang independen di bidang hukum, HAM, dan pemberantasan korupsi. Dalam hal ini, (Komnas HAM) dan Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi (KPK). Ketiga, perkembangan ancaman keamanan kawasan yang maritim sentris dewasa ini membutuhkan perhatian yang lebih besar di sektor kelautan.
"So the proposal for the name Andika Perkasa as the new commander is a wrong choice because it ignores the policy pattern based on a rotational approach. If referring to Article 13 paragraph (4) of the Military Decree, the position of the commander is held alternately by active high-ranking officers from each force who are currently or have served as Staff Chief of the Forces," he explained.
Hussein emphasized that the application of the rotation pattern will foster a sense of equality between dimensions, balance the orientation of the military's posture development, as well as equal opportunities for high-ranking officers, regardless of the dimension of origin. This can also have a positive impact in the form of strengthening the internal solidity of the military.
"In addition, the rotation pattern is important in order to reduce the jealousy that is very likely to occur among soldiers due to the impression that the President of the Republic of Indonesia has promoted one dimension within the military, as in the New Order era," he explained.
"The pattern of rotation of the Military Commander position, which has started since the beginning of the Reformation, certainly needs to be maintained, moreover it has also been mandated in the Military Decree," he added.
Hussein suggested that President Jokowi should not ignore the pattern of changing the Commander-in-Chief based on dimension rotation. Ignoring this approach can raise a big question mark whether the President of the Republic of Indonesia prioritizes the subjective political factor of close relations rather than using a professional and substantive approach.
"The President of the Republic of Indonesia must really ensure that the candidate for the Commander of the Indonesian National Armed Forces that he proposes does not have a bad record, especially regarding human rights violations," he explained.
The news linking Andika Perkasa's name in the murder case of Papuan leader Theys Hiyo Eluay, continued Hussein, must be taken seriously. The President of the Republic of Indonesia should conduct comprehensive information gathering on all candidates by involving credible institutions in order to strengthen the considerations of the President of the Republic of Indonesia in making the right decisions.
"With the submission of General Andika Perkasa as the sole candidate for the Commander of the Indonesian National Armed Forces, it shows that the President of the Republic of Indonesia does not have a commitment to upholding human rights as seriously as his political commitment," he said.
Hussein juga mengungkapkan, adanya laporan yang menyebutkan dugaan harta kekayaan KSAD Andika Perkasa dengan nilai yang fantastis harus segera diklarifikasi dan dijelaskan kepada publik. Sebagai prajurit yang tunduk pada Sapta Marga yang menjunjung tinggi nilai kejujuran, adanya laporan kepemilikan kekayaan hingga berjumlah Rp 179,9 miliar harus dijelaskan secara transparan dan akuntabel sehingga terang benderang.
"So we consider it important to carry out an audit of Andika Perkasa's assets by the KPK. During his career in the military, General Andika only reported the State Wealth Administration report (LHKPN) in June 2021. This means that during the 3 years he was KSAD, he had never reported LHKPN. This violates Article 4 paragraph (3) of KPK Regulation No. 4 of 2020, which requires General Andika to report LHKPN," he said.
Saat ini Ketua DPR RI Puan Maharani akan segera merespons Surat Presiden (Surpres) tentang calon Panglima TNI Jenderal Andika Perkasa dengan menggelar uji kelayakan dan kepatutan (fit and proper test) pada 4-5 November 2021. Tes akan dilakukan oleh Komisi I DPR. Bamus DPR, kata Puan, juga memutuskan hasil uji kelayakan dan kepatutan calon Panglima TNI akan segera dibawa ke Rapat Paripurna DPR pada 8 November 2021.
In accordance with the Military Decree, the DPR RI's approval of the candidate for Commander in Chief proposed by the President is submitted to the President no later than 20 (twenty) days, excluding the recess period, commencing from the receipt of the request for approval of the candidate for Commander in Chief by the DPR RI.