Throughout 2020, the Ministry of State-Owned Enterprises (BUMN) has appointed at least 2 active soldiers and 3 active police officers to become main commissioners and commissioners in each BUMN. The Coalition for Security Sector Reform views that the appointment of TNI-Polri officers in the ranks of BUMN is contrary to the laws and regulations, especially Law no. 34 of 2004 concerning the TNI (Military Bill) and Law no. 2 of 2002 concerning the Indonesian National Police (Police Bill).
In addition, we view that the appointment of active Soldier-Police officers in the ranks of BUMN is also contrary to the spirit of reform in the security sector and the principle of professionalism that should be used as the basis for state management, including in their respective institutions as well as BUMN.
The policy of appointing a number of active TNI soldiers in the ranks of BUMN is contrary to Article 47 Paragraph (1) of the military bill which mandates that active Soldiers can only occupy civilian positions after resigning or retiring from active service in the army. However, there are exceptions for certain civilian positions to be occupied by active soldiers in the context of their institution's assistance tasks to civilian governments within the framework of military operations other than war (OMSP) as stipulated in Article 7 Paragraph (2) and (3) of their bill.
The positions that are excluded are positions in the office in charge of coordinating the fields of Politics and State Security, State Defense, Presidential Military Secretary, State Intelligence, State Code, National Defense Institutions, National Defense Council, National Search and Rescue (SAR), National Narcotics, and the Supreme Court. Referring to Article 47 Paragraph (2) of the Military Bill, positions in BUMN are not included in the exclusion of civilian positions that can be occupied by active soldiers.
The same arrangement is also mandated by Article 28 Paragraph (3) of the Police Law which states that members of the Indonesian National Police may hold positions outside the police force after resigning or retiring from the police service.
In our view, the appointment of a number of active soldiers and officers of the Indonesian National Police and Soldier (TNI) is not in accordance with the roles and functions of the TNI and Polri as mandated in the legislation. Article 5 of Law no. The TNI, stated: "The TNI plays a role as a state instrument in the field of defense which in carrying out its duties is based on state political policies and decisions", while Article 2 of the Police Law states: "The function of the police is one of the functions of the state government in the field of maintaining security and public order, law enforcement law, protection, protection and service to the community.
The roles and functions of the Indonesian National Armed Forces and Police as mentioned above are not related to the aims and objectives of establishing BUMN, namely to contribute to the development of the national economy in general and state revenues in particular, to pursue profits, to provide public benefits in the form of providing high quality and adequate goods and/or services for the public. fulfill the needs of many people, become a pioneer in business activities that cannot be carried out by the private sector and cooperatives, actively participate in providing guidance and assistance to entrepreneurs of groups, the economically weak, cooperatives, and the community (Article 2 of Law No. 19 of 2003 concerning BUMN ).
Moreover, departing from the role and function of the TNI and Police, the appointment of active soldiers and officers of the TNI and police within the ranks of BUMN violates the principle of professionalism as mandated in the Basis for Considering letter (d), as well as Article 6 and Article 72 of the BUMN Law, which states that BUMN administrators are required to have the right competencies. As a means of state defense and security, of course, this competence is normatively not possessed by members of the National Police and TNI. Positions in the ranks of BUMN must be filled by people who have competence according to their positions so that the mandate of the BUMN Law can be carried out properly. On the other hand, the placement of active soldiers and officers in the ranks of BUMN shows the unprofessional attitude of the TNI and Polri as a means of state defense and security as referred to in the TNI and Police Law.
Kami menilai, penempatan sejumlah perwira aktif TNI-Polri dalam jajaran BUMN menggambarkan keengganan (unwillingness) Pemerintah dalam pelaksanaan reformasi TNI dan Polri (Tap MPR No. VI dan VII Tahun 2000). Pengangkatan ini justru menunjukkan suatu kemunduran reformasi TNI-Polri dan menarik-narik TNI-Polri kembali “berbisnis” sebagaimana terjadi pada masa Orde Baru. Pemerintah semestinya fokus pada sejumlah reformasi TNI dan Polri yang hingga kini mengalami stagnansi seperti penuntasan pelanggaran HAM masa lalu, reformasi peradilan militer, restrukturisasi komando teritorial, modernisasi alutsista TNI-Polri, penguatan peran lembaga pengawas kepolisian (Kompolnas), kesejahteraan prajurit TNI dan anggota Polri, dan lain-lain.
Selain itu, dalam pernyataannya di beberapa media massa, Pemerintah mengutarakan maksud di balik pengangkatan sejumlah prajurit dan perwira aktif TNI-Polri disebabkan banyaknya konflik di lapangan antara BUMN dan masyarakat, misalnya konflik tanah, perizinan yang tumpang tindih, dan isu sosial. Ini mengindikasikan akan digunakannya pendekatan keamanan dalam mengamankan kepentingan perusahaan, yang sangat potensial terjadinya pelanggaran-pelanggaran HAM di kemudian hari, mengingat dalam banyak kasus pembela HAM kerapkali menjadi korban dalam konflik-konflik serupa.
Berdasarkan uraian di atas, kami Koalisi Masyarakat Sipil untuk Reformasi Sektor Keamanan:
- Mendesak Presiden Republik Indonesia untuk menjalankan reformasi TNI dan Polri secara konsekuen sebagaimana amanat reformasi, Tap MPR No. VI dan VII Tahun 2000, UU No. 2 Tahun 2002 tentang Kepolisian Negara Republik Indonesia dan UU No. 34 Tahun 2004 tentang TNI.
- Mendesak Pemerintah untuk tidak menggunakan pendekatan keamanan dalam penanganan konflik antara BUMN dan masyarakat dengan tidak mengangkat prajurit TNI dan Polri aktif ke BUMN.
- Mendesak Kementerian BUMN untuk mengevaluasi kebijakan pengangkatan prajurit dan perwira aktif dalam jajaran BUMN dengan memperhatikan ketentuan peraturan perundang-undangan yang ada khususnya UU TNI dan UU Polri.
- Meminta Ombudsman RI melakukan investigasi kemungkinan pelanggaran mal-administrasi dalam kebijakan pengangkatan perwira aktif dalam jajaran BUMN.
Jakarta, 21 Juni 2020
Civil Society Coalition
- Ikhsan Yosarie (Setara Institute) +62 822-8638-9295
- Andi Muhammad Rezaldy (KontraS) +62 877-8555-3228
- Muhammad Rasyid Ridha (LBH Jakarta) +6281213034492
- Jesse Adam Halim (HRWG) +6281932171618
- Ardi Manto Adiputra (Imparsial) +62 812-6194-4069