Fighting Hate Speech in Cyberspace, People Need to Understand Indonesia as a Plural Nation

Oleh : Hariyanto | Wednesday, September 15th, 2021 - 13:59 WIB – Jakarta – As a pluralistic nation, Indonesia has a challenge in how to manage diversity in the public sphere. In addition, the issue that must be raised is how to negotiate diversity and normative claims based on culture, religion, ethnicity, language in the public sphere. 

"Social conflicts are mostly provoked by the hate speech of a certain group of people with hate speech in the name of religion, class, and race and this is still happening today," said Dian Andriasari, Lecturer of Criminal Law at Unisba Faculty of Law & Imparsial Researcher during the Literacy webinar. Digital Bogor Regency, West Java I, on Monday (13/9/2021). 

He further said that conflicts based on differences in interests began with the diversity of community groups and this became the character of a pluralistic society. 

The legal rules related to hate speech have been regulated in the Criminal Code, the ITE Law, and the Chief of Police Circular on the Handling of Hate Speech. Policies that lead to criminalization are pursued by starting from a practical policy approach. 

Also a selective, evaluative and even anticipatory approach in accordance with the development of society and the development of science and technology. 

"The forms of hate speech regulated in the Criminal Code and other laws outside the Criminal Code include insults, defamation, blasphemy, unpleasant acts, provoking, inciting, and spreading false news," said Dian. 

He also said related to hate speech, there needs to be a pro-active and progressive civil society participation in solving social problems. 

The pillars of democracy here holds the role where there is an honest and fair election, freedom of opinion, alternative access to information, and inclusive citizen rights. 

The Digital Literacy Webinar in Bogor Regency, West Java I, is part of the socialization of the 2021 Digital Literacy National Movement organized by the Ministry of Communication and Information. There were also resource persons such as Maria Natasha, a Graphic Designer, Reza Hidayat, CEO of Oreima Films, and Asep H. Nugroho, a lecturer at the UNIS Faculty of Engineering. 

 This activity is part of the Digital Literacy program in 34 provinces and 514 districts with 4 main pillars. Among them are Digital Media Culture (Digital Culture), Safe Media (Digital Safety), Digital Media Ethics (Digital Ethics), and Digital Media Skills (Digital Skills) to make Indonesian people more digitally capable.

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