3 issues on Freedom of Religion and Belief (KBB) that were reported included regulations; protection; and gender perspective.
Indonesia will follow the universal periodic review (UPR) or universal periodic review in 2022 which will be held by the United Nations Human Rights Agency. A coalition consisting of Ahlulbait Indonesia, BASOLIA, LBH Masyarakat, Fahmina Institute, Fatayat Nahdlatul 'Ulama Bandung, Gusdurian, HRWG, IMPARSIAL, YLBHI, INCLUSIVE, LK3 Banjarmasin, JAKATARUB, KontraS, Majlis Luhur Belief in God Almighty Indonesia, and others has submitted a report on the condition of freedom of religion and belief (KBB) for the period 2017-2021 to the UN Human Rights Council.
Imparsial Deputy Director Ardi Manto, in the previous UPR period in 2017, the Indonesian government received 20 recommendations related to guarantees for the protection of rights to KBB. Unfortunately, not all of the recommendations received by the government were implemented properly. There are at least 3 KBB issues that the coalition reports to the United Nations.
First, there are regulatory issues related to KBB. The Coalition noted that there are still regulations at the national and regional levels that contradict the norms of KBB which are guaranteed by law and human rights. For example, blasphemy is regulated in Article 156a of the Criminal Code; in the digital realm, there are Article 28 paragraph 2 of the ITE Law in conjunction with Article 45A paragraph 2 of the ITE Law; and Joint Regulations of the Minister of Religion and the Minister of Home Affairs Numbers 9 and 8 of 2006 concerning Guidelines for the Implementation of Duties of Regional Heads/Deputy Regional Heads in Maintaining Religious Harmony, Empowering Religious Harmony Forums, and Establishing Houses of Worship (PBM 2006).
“These regulations are often used to criminalize people or groups that are not in line with mainstream understanding. It has even become a means of limiting KBB, especially regarding the construction of houses of worship," said Ardi in a discussion themed Civil Society Reports on the Condition of KBB in Indonesia for the 2017-2021 Period at UPR Indonesia 2022, Thursday (14/4/2022).