The Papuan conflict in the study of the LIPI Team (Indonesian Institute of Sciences) is rooted in issues of political status and historical issues, human rights violations and state violence, marginalization, failure of development, and discrimination against indigenous Papuans (Widjojo et al, 2012). The root of the conflict has yet to find a dignified solution. The Indonesian government is trying to resolve the conflict, but there is no clear solution yet. The government still uses very masculine patterns, namely the traditional security approach that relies on military strength by sending TNI-Polri personnel in large numbers for security reasons.
The Indonesian government also seeks to reduce conflict and resolve the root causes of problems in Papua by issuing a policy of the Special Autonomy Law (UU Otsus) which is expected to bring the Papuan people's hopes to be able to improve living conditions socio-economically, human rights, and socio-politically. However, according to Elvira Rumkabu, during the 20 years that the Special Autonomy Law was enacted, it did not have a major impact, especially because of a series of conflicts and violence against Papuans, human rights violations and racism. Although there are also a few small changes that can be felt by the people of Papua, one of them is in the field of education with scholarships for Papuan children abroad.
UndangUndang Otonomi Khusus (UU Otsus) yang diharapkan membawa harapan masyarakat
Papua untuk dapat memperbaiki kondisi hidup secara sosial-ekonomi, hak asasi
manusia, maupun sosial-politik. Akan tetapi, menurut Elvira Rumkabu, selama 20
tahun UU Otsus diberlakukan tidak membawa dampak besar terutama karena rentetan
konflik dan kekerasan terhadap orang Papua tetap terjadi, pelanggaran HAM, dan
rasisme. Meskipun ada juga sedikit perubahan kecil yang dapat dirasakan oleh
masyarakat Papua, salah satunya adalah dalam bidang pendidikan dengan beasiswa
anak-anak Papua ke luar negeri. 1
The context of the prolonged and multidimensional Papuan conflict also has an impact on Papuan women and even affects their identity.